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With Almost 700,000 Daily Under-production, Nigeria, Angola Account for Half of OPEC’s Oil Supply Gap


Almost half the shortfall in planned oil supply by the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies is down to Nigeria and Angola, Reuters has indicated.


It reflects a number of factors which have combined to hobble crude production on the continent, including moves by Western oil majors away from African project


OPEC and its allies, known as OPEC+, pumped 1.45 million barrels per day (bpd) – equal to 1.5 per cent of world supply – below its target in March, the OPEC+ figures showe



According to the figures, Angola was responsible for almost 300,000 bpd of the OPEC+ supply shortfall while Nigeria was pumping almost 400,000 bpd below target. The war in Ukraine has also hit Russia’s oil trading and its output was about 300,000 bpd short of its March supply targ


The OPEC+ shortfall is one of the reasons global oil prices hit a 14-year high in March above $139 a barrel and it has prompted calls by the United States and other consumers for producers to pump mor



But OPEC has repeatedly rebuffed the calls and one contributing factor is simply that some of its members don’t have oil available to pu


In OPEC’s view, investment cuts after oil prices collapsed in 2015-2016, due to oversupply, along with a growing focus by investors on economic, social and governance (ESG) issues, have led to a shortfall in the spending needed to meet deman


“There was massive underinvestment in the industry over the years, further complicated by the effect of ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance,” OPEC Secretary General, Mohammad Barkindo told Reuter


“There was a contraction of 25 per cent in 2015 and 2016 – unprecedented. There was no significant recovery before 2020, when we registered a 30 per cent contraction in investments in the industry,” he adde


Figures from the International Energy Agency (IEA) show there was no significant increase in investment in global oil and gas exploration and production during 2017-2019 – followed by a 32 per cent plunge in 202


International oil companies are gradually pulling out of Nigeria’s onshore oil production, although they continue to invest in its vast offshore oil and gas resources, where costs remain competitiv


Shell which has been heavily involved in Nigeria’s oil and gas industry did not immediately respond to a request for comment about investment and the reasons for the decline in Nigerian outpu


OPEC’s Gulf producers led by Saudi Arabia are largely meeting their OPEC+ targets, and OPEC sources say their relative lack of dependence on outside investors has helpe


“The investment shortfall affected more the countries where reliance on foreign investment is more prominent,” an OPEC+ source from a Gulf producer told Reuter


IEA figures show that in 2019, Final Investment Decisions (FIDs) affecting over eight times more crude reserves in the Middle East were taken than those affecting African reserves. Middle East approvals were also consistently higher from 2011 through 201


“Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait are increasing investment and that to some extent can help offset declines elsewhere,” said Audun Martinsen, analyst at Rystad Energ


“It also highlights why OPEC is not intervening more because it is quite hard for OPEC to increase production overnight,” Martinsen adde


Angolan state oil company Sonangol and Nigeria’s state oil firm the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) did not immediately respond to Reuters requests for comment on their production decline or the reasons for i


According to a 2021 report from the Arab Petroleum Investments Corporation or APICORP, Middle East and North African producers were still expected to boost energy investment to $805 billion in 2021-2025 – up $13 billion on the previous year’s five-year outlook, despite the impact of the pandemi


In February, Saudi Arabia-based APICORP said it expected rising oil and gas prices to further support energy investment in the regio


While Western majors are increasingly focusing on the energy transition and selling oil assets, they remain big producers in Africa. Big Western companies are responsible for 40 per cent of output in Nigeria and 60 per cent in Angola, according to Rysta


Rystad said it sees some potential for new investment in Nigeria and Angola but projects remain “too expensive” for the major


“Since 2015 the majors have been focusing on cost and developing things in Africa has been too much of a risk with cost overruns,” Rystad’s Martinsen said. “It’s not really part of their key focus any longer,” he adde


Angolan production has fallen 50 per cent since 2015 and output is down by about 30 per cent over the same period in Nigeria, he sai


In Nigeria, production is expected to grow slightly by 200,000 bpd in the coming years, but then decline again after 2024. Shell said last month that oil spills arising from pipeline tapping in the Niger Delta doubled in 2021 to the highest since 201


Underlining the extent of the decline, exports of key Nigerian crude grade Bonny Light have fallen to just two or three cargoes a month from about eight or nine previously as a result of escalating oil thef


At the weekend, the Chief Executive of the Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC), noted that the organisation was taking initiatives to enhance crude oil production, including the identification of oil and gas wells producing below capacit


According to him, this was being done by the “inventorisation” of shut-in wells and analysis of the inventory to map the reasons for shut-in and devise measures for quick reopenin


He pointed out that the regulatory body was using well and reservoir surveillance activities in identifying poorly performing wells and “workover” candidates for quick interventio


Added to that, he pointed out that the commission was embracing and adopting new technologies and advanced recovery techniques for unlocking some identified stranded oil and gas resource


Despite the desperate need for foreign exchange, Nigeria has been unable to benefit from rising international oil prices because it lacks the capacity to meet its OPEC quota which was 1.735 million barrels per day in Apri


 In addition, the petrol subsidy regime has created a huge burden on the country’s revenues, with N4 trillion budgeted for the purpose this year alone with N4 trillion budgeted for the purpose this year alone.

Culled from THISDAY

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