African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) has signed the Instrument of Accession to the Inter-Surety Agreement for the Implementation of the COMESA Regional Customs Transit Guarantee/bond Agreement.
The bank is now set to begin the implementation of its $1billion Continental Transit Guarantee Scheme, of which about $200 million is earmarked for the COMESA region.
The agreement was signed today by Professor Benedict Oramah, President of Afreximbank and Dr. Elirehima Joshuo Doriye, Chairperson of the Council of Regional Customs Transit Guarantee (RCTG). It sets the stage for the implementation of the Afreximbank African Collaborative Transit Guarantee Scheme (AACTGS), a programme designed to facilitate the smooth transit of goods across Africa through a continent-wide single-technology enabled transit guarantee scheme.
Under the AACTGS, working with the African Union (AU), COMESA and other regional economic communities, Afreximbank would become a regional and continent-wide guarantor, providing transit bonds covering the full range of borders that goods are required to cross. The bank would not displace existing operators but would work with them on a risk-sharing basis thereby boosting their capacity to issue bonds at a local level.
Through the scheme, Afreximbank would ensure that, when goods do not complete their transit, sums are paid in line with the duties and taxes that would have been required, thereby enhancing tax collection for African nations. In addition, the transit guarantees provided by the bank will enable businesses to release working capital otherwise tied up as collateral against transit bonds, while also accelerating the movement of goods across borders.
By speeding up transit times and reducing costs, the scheme will provide a boost to African manufacturers, ensuring they can easily access the inputs they need for their business and enabling them to pass savings on to consumers.
President of Afreximbank, Prof. Benedict Oramah said, “The launch of the Afreximbank African Collaborative Transit Guarantee Scheme is a milestone in Africa’s journey towards deepening regional integration. A key tool for delivering on the vision of the African Continental Free Trade Area, the scheme will facilitate the seamless flow of goods in a connected Africa. It will accelerate trade, reduce the cost of trading, release capital for businesses investment, improve the bankability of intra-African trade, and in the end, reduce prices for consumers. The launch of the scheme in the COMESA region is a momentous occasion, but is also just the first step in a programme designed to be implemented across the entire continent. With this scheme, the Cape to Cairo road project will become a financially viable cross-continental trade route.”
Currently, African states require businesses transiting goods through their countries to secure transit bonds, which protect against the risk that the goods remain in the markets they are passing through rather than continuing to their end destinations. However, the limited implementation of regional transit guarantee schemes means traders are required to obtain national bonds for each border they cross.
As a result, transit costs in African countries are 63 per cent higher compared to the average in developed countries and 135 per cent higher than in Europe. The average costs of freight as a percentage of the total value of imports is 11.4 per cent compared to 6.8 per cent in developed nations.
The cost of these are estimated at around $450 per truck per day. By implementing an effective transit guarantee scheme the continent will save more than $300 million per year, studies showed.